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SECTION A: MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS (64 questions x 0.125 = 8 points)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. discussion B. passion C. decision D. expression
Question 2: A. could B. shoulder C. would D. should
Question 3: A. warned B. decided C. sacred D. hatred
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 4: The introduction of credit cards radically modified North Americans’ spending habits.
A. reduced B. altered C. resolved D. devoted
Question 5: He hurled the statue to the floor with such force that it shattered.
A. pulled B. dropped C. pushed D. threw
Question 6: According to Freud, dreams can be interpreted as the fulfillment of wishes.
A. attainment B. completion C. performance D. conclusion
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 7: He _______ in me on the understanding that I wouldn’t tell anyone else.
A. confided B. confessed C. confined D. disclosed
Question 8: That’s the trouble with the night shift. It _______ your private life too much.
A. breaks through B. breaks up C. breaks into D. breaks in
Question 9: They were _______ for smuggling jewellery into the country.
A. arrested B. judged C. warned D. accused
Question 10: The construction of the new road is _______ winning the support of local presidents.
A. dependent on B. thanks to C. reliant on D. responsible for
Question 11: Wood floats on water because it is _______ water.
A. the less dense as B. less dense than
C. not as much density than D. of lesser density as
Question 12: 500 years ago the average human _______ was about 40 years.
A. life cycle B. life length C. lifetime D. life-span
Question 13: Why don’t they _______ their attention on scrutinizing the evidence instead of questioning the passers-by?
A. attract B. draw C. focus D. devote
Question 14: The exquisite antique bottle was carved _______ marble.
A. by B. from C. at D. about
Question 15: – “How about giving me a hand?” – “_______.”
A. I promise B. No, not yet
C. Sure. I’d be glad to help D. You’re welcome
Question 16: Could you stand _______ for me and teach my English class tomorrow morning, John?
A. up B. in C. out D. down
Question 17: Laura: “What a lovely house you have!” Maria: “_______.”
A. I think so B. I feel very excited
C. Thank you. Hope you will drop in D. Of course not, it’s not costly
Question 18: I’ve got a terrible hangover. If only I _______ that fourth bottle of wine.
A. wouldn’t drink B. didn’t drink C. don’t drink D. hadn’t drunk
Question 19: She _______ to the airport like that. The plane was delayed by several hours.
A. couldn’t have rushed B. wouldn’t have rushed
C. needn’t have rushed D. mustn’t have rushed
Question 20: He will be very upset if you _______ his offer of help.
A. turn from B. turn against C. turn down D. turn away
Question 21: _______ in astronomy, the discovery of Uranus was by accident.
A. Alike many finds B. It was like many finds
C. Many alike finds D. Like many finds
Question 22: _______ fromSan Diego to the Mexican border.
A. Not far B. There is not far C. Few miles D. It’s not far
Question 23: The medicine made me feel dizzy. I felt as though the room _______ around and around.
A. spins B. is spinning C. would be spinning D. were spinning
Question 24: The band is planning to go on _______ in Europe andAsia next year.
A. tour B. travel C. trip D. circuit
Question 25: She has just bought _______.
A. a Swiss beautiful brand-new watch B. a Swiss brand-new beautiful watch
C. a brand-new beautiful Swiss watch D. a beautiful brand-new Swiss watch
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
OWNING A PET
The joys and tribulations of being a pet owner! During our lifetime most of us have some experience of either owning a pet or being in (26) _______ contact with someone who does. Is there such a thing as “the ideal pet”? If so what characterizes the ideal pet? Various (27) _______ influence one’s choice of pet, from your reasons for getting a pet to your lifestyle. For example, although quite a few pets are relatively cheap to buy, the cost of (28) _______ can be considerable. Everything must be (29) _______ into account, from food and bedding, to vaccinations and veterinary bills. You must be prepared to (30) _______ time on your pet, which involves shopping for it, cleaning and feeding it. Pets can be demanding and a big responsibility. Are you prepared to exercise and (31) _______ an animal or do you prefer a more independent pet? How much spare room do you have? Is it right to lock an energetic animal into a (32) _______ space? Do you live near a busy road which may threaten the life of your pet? Pets (33) _______ as turtles and goldfish can be cheap and convenient, but if you prefer affectionate pets, a friendly cat or dog would be more (34) _______. People get pets for a number of reasons, for company, security or to teach responsibility to children. Pets can be affectionate and loyal and an excellent source of company as long as you know what pet (35) _______ you and your lifestyle.
Question 26: A. tight B. narrow C. near D. close
Question 27: A. factors B. facets C. points D. elements
Question 28: A. maintenance B. upbringing C. raising D. upkeep
Question 29: A. held B. considering C. kept D. taken
Question 30: A. waste B. occupy C. take D. spend
Question 31: A. household B. housekeep C. housework D. housetrain
Question 32: A. reduced B. detained C. closed D. confined
Question 33: A. much B. such C. for D. so
Question 34: A. likely B. suited C. appropriate D. good
Question 35: A. suits B. matches C. fits D. goes with
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 36: (A) When the chemicals (B) inside a cell (C) no longer produce ions, the cell stops (D) to function.
Question 37: (A) One or the other of the secretaries (B) have to attend the meeting. But (C) both of them are reluctant (D) to do so.
Question 38: (A) The populace was (B) so terrified of the tornado that (C) however town she visited she found (D) villages deserted of inhabitants and livestock.
Question 39: Although I didn’t (A) personally see who was responsible (B) for this mess, (C) but I think I can (D) make a guess.
Question 40: What surprised me most (A) was that he (B) kept smiling even after (C) Umany insults (D) directing at him.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Most forms of property are concrete and tangible, such as houses, cars, furniture or anything else that is included in one’s possessions. Other forms of property can be intangible and copyright deals with intangible forms of property. Copyright is a legal protection extended to authors of creative works, for example, books, magazine articles, maps, films, plays, television shows, software, paintings, photographs, music, choreography in dance and all other forms of intellectual or artistic property.
Although the purpose of artistic property is usually public use and enjoyment, copyright establishes the ownership of the creator. When a person buys a copyrighted magazine, it belongs to this individual as a tangible object. However, the authors of the magazine articles own the research and the writing that went into creating the articles. The right to make and sell or give away copies of books or articles belongs to the authors, publishers, or other individuals or organizations that hold the copyright. To copy an entire book or a part of it, permission must be received from the copyright owner, who will most likely expect to be paid.
Copyright law distinguishes between different types of intellectual property. Music may be played by anyone after it is published. However, if it is performed for profit, the performers need to pay a fee, called a royalty. A similar principle applies to performances of songs and plays. On the other hand, names, ideas, and book titles are accepted. Ideas do not become copyrighted property until they are published in a book, a painting or a musical work. Almost all artistic work created before the 20th century is not copyrighted because it was created before the copyright law was passed.
The two common ways of infringing upon the copyright are plagiarism and piracy. Plagiarizing the work of another person means passing it off as one’s own. The word plagiarism is derived from the Latin plagiarus, which means “abductor”. Piracy may be an act of one person, but, in many cases, it is a joint effort of several people who reproduce copyrighted material and sell it for profit without paying royalties to the creator. Technological innovations have made piracy easy and anyone can duplicate a motion picture on videotape, a computer program, or a book. Video cassette recorders can be used by practically anyone to copy movies and television programs, and copying software has become almost as easy as copying a book. Large companies zealously monitor their copyrights for slogans, advertisements, and brand names, protected by a trademark.
Question 41: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Legal rights of property owners B. Legal ownership of creative work
C. Examples of copyright piracy D. Copying creating work for profit
Question 42: The word “extended” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. explicated B. exposed C. guaranteed D. granted
Question 43: It can be inferred from the passage that copyright law is intended to protect _______.
A. paintings and photographs from theft B. the creator’s ability to profit from the work
C. the user’s ability to enjoy an artistic work D. computer software and videos from being copied
Question 44: The word “principle” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. crucial point B. cardinal role C. fundamental rule D. formidable force
Question 45: Which of the following properties is NOT mentioned as protected by copyright?
A. printed medium B. paintings and maps
C. music and plays D. scientific discoveries
Question 46: It can be inferred from the passage that it is legal if _______.
A. two drawings, created by two different artists, have the same images
B. two books, written by two different authors, have the same titles
C. two songs, written by two different composers, have the same melody
D. two plays, created by two different playwrights, have the same plot and characters
Question 47: With which of the following statements is the author most likely to agree?
A. Teachers are not allowed to make copies of published materials for use by their students
B. Plays written in the 16th century cannot be performed in theaters without permission
C. Singers can publicly sing only the songs for which they wrote the music and the lyrics
D. It is illegal to make photographs when sightseeing or traveling
Question 48: The phrase “infringing upon” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.
A. impinging upon B. inducting for C. violating D. abhorring
Question 49: The purpose of copyright law is most comparable with the purpose of which of the following?
A. A law against theft B. A law against smoking
C. A school policy D. A household rule
Question 50: According to the passage, copyright law is _______.
A. meticulously observed B. routinely ignored
C. frequently debated D. zealously enforced
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 51: A. maximum B. determine C. marvellous D. compliment
Question 52: A. intervention B. pessimistic C. centenarian D. vulnerable
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 53: Jenny was afraid because the dog sounded fierce.
A. cruel B. gentle C. untamed D. malevolent
Question 54: This kind of dress is becoming outmoded. If I were you, I wouldn’t dress it up at the party.
A. fashionable B. realistic C. unfashionable D. attractive
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
It is estimated that over 99 percent of all species that ever existed have become extinct. What causes extinction? When a species is no longer adapted to a changed environment, it may perish. The exact causes of a species’ death vary from situation to situation. Rapid ecological change may render an environment hostile to a species. For example, temperatures may change and a species may not be adapted. Food resources may be affected by environmental changes, which will then cause problems for a species requiring these resources. Other species may become better adapted to an environment, resulting in competition and, ultimately, in the death of a species.
The fossil record reveals that extinction has occurred throughout the history of Earth. Recent analyses have also revealed that on some occasions many species became extinct at the same time - a mass extinction. One of the best-known examples of mass extinction occurred 65 million years ago with the demise of dinosaurs and many other forms of life. Perhaps the largest mass extinction was the one that occurred 225 million years ago, when approximately 95 percent of all species died. Mass extinctions can be caused by a relatively rapid change in the environment and can be worsened by the close interrelationship of many species. If, for example, something were to happen to destroy much of the plankton in the oceans, then the oxygen content of Earth would drop, even affect organisms not living in the oceans. Such a change would probably lead to a mass extinction.
One interesting, and controversial, finding is that extinctions during the past 250 million years have tended to be more intense every 26 million years. The periodic extinction might be due to intersection of the earth’s orbit with a cloud of comets, but this theory is purely speculative. Some researchers have also speculated that extinction may often be random. That is, certain species may be eliminated and others may survive for no particular reason. A species’ survival may have nothing to do with its ability or inability to adapt. If so, some of revolutionary history may reflect a sequence of essentially random events.
Question 55: The word “it” refers to _______.
A. species B. 99 percent C. extinction D. environment
Question 56: The word “ultimately” is closest meaning to _______.
A. exceptionally B. eventually C. unfortunately D. dramatically
Question 57: What does the author say in paragraph 1 regarding most species in Earth’s history?
A. They have remained basically unchanged from their original forms.
B. They have caused rapid change in the environment.
C. They are no longer in existence.
D. They have been able to adapt to ecological changes.
Question 58: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as resulting from rapid ecological change?
A. Temperature changes B. Introduction of new species
C. Competition among species D. Availability of food resources
Question 59: The word “demise” is closest in meaning to _______.
A. recovery B. change C. death D. help
Question 60: Why is “plankton” mentioned?
A. To illustrate a comparison between organisms that live on the land and those that live in the ocean
B. To point out that certain species could never become extinct.
C. To emphasize the importance of food resources in preventing mass extinction.
D. To demonstrate the interdependence of different species
Question 61: According to paragraph 2, evidence from fossils suggests that _______.
A. extinction of species has occurred from time to time throughout Earth’s history
B. there has been only one mass extinction in Earth’s history
C. extinctions on Earth have generally been massive
D. dinosaurs became extinct much earlier than scientists originally believed
Question 62: The word “finding” is closest in meaning to _______.
A. research method B. ongoing experiment
C. scientific discovery D. published information
Question 63: Which of the following can be inferred from the theory of periodic extinction mentioned in paragraph 3?
A. The theory is no longer seriously considered.
B. evidence to support the theory has recently been found.
C. Most scientists believe the theory to be accurate.
D. Many scientists could be expected to disagree with it.
Question 64: In paragraph 3, the author makes which of the following statements about a species’ survival?
A. It may depend on chance events.
B. It reflects the interrelationship of many species.
C. It does not vary greatly from species to species
D. It is associated with astronomical conditions.
SECTION B: WRITING (2 points): Part I: 5 questions x 0.1 = 0.5 points; Part II: 1.5 points
I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
1. She never seems to succeed, even though she works hard.
2. “I’m sorry I didn’t phone you earlier”. Jill said.
Jill apologized ___________________________________________________
3. Without Jack’s help, I wouldn’t have been able to move the table.
4. Immediately after his arrival home, a water-heater exploded.
5. People believe that the Chinese invented paper in 105 A.D.
II. (In about 150 words) write a paragraph answering the following question:
“There is a general increase in anti-social behaviours and lack of respect for others. What are the causes and solutions?”
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